Wood Types

Wood grains can individualize any project. We offer a wide variety of hard, soft and exotic wood species. Some of the wide range of woods we offer:

Afrormosia is one of the most uniform in color range woods, with a golden tan teak color when freshly milled. Afrormosia undergoes a large degree of color change over time with pronounced darkening from a golden tan color when freshly milled to a uniform medium brown when fully aged. Afrormosia may be used both residentially and commercially wherever the uniform rich look is desired.

Alder is a close or fine-grained hardwood similar to Cherry, Birch, and Maple. Alder is extremely uniform in its light tan or honey color, and there is no color difference between heartwood and sap wood. This makes Alder much easier to match and finish, even with clear "fruitwood" finishes that require no stain. It features a light pattern which adds to its popularity.

Ash is straight-grained, open pored, and hard, with no distinctive taste or odor. It is tough and yet elastic, with high shock resistance and excellent steam bending characteristics. The wood is relatively stable with little downgrade in drying. It only occasionally shows interesting figure in crotch wood. White ash has quite a clear white to pale yellow sapwood, with heartwood pulling more to the light to medium tone browns.

Aspen is light, soft, and moderately weak in strength. There is little distinction between heartwood and sapwood, ranging from whitish to grayish-brown in color. Often used as a Basswood substitute, Aspen is mainly used in container applications, with its light weight and high resistance to splitting.

Basswood - Basswood is soft and light but is quite tough and possesses a fine and even texture. Native Americans used the inner bark to make rope, thread and fabric. Basswood working properties are excellent and is a premium carving wood. Generally, basswood is used in the production of blinds, shutters and musical instruments.

Beech is a hard, strong, heavy close-grained hardwood, white to reddish with some difference between sapwood and heartwood color. Beech shows a distinct pore pattern. As a furniture wood, it is known for its bending qualities, finishes smooth and sands to a high polish.

German Beech offers a medium range of color variability in each of the color ranges this wood is offered in. In the drying process, Beech which is steamed yields a pink/orangey tan color, while the unsteamed Beech yields a blonde tan colored wood. German Beech undergoes a medium degree of color change with a slight muting of the orangey tan colors and an ambering in color over time.

Red Birch is a domestic hardwood. The wood has a light colored sapwood and the beautiful heartwood is dark brown tinged with red. This diffuse-porous wood is hard and strong. The texture is fine and uniform.

Yellow Birch is a domestic hardwood. There is a wide range of color differences in Yellow Birch. (This Birch can be selected for white pieces) The diffuse-porous heartwood is light to dark golden-brown to light reddish brown. The sapwood is whitish, pale yellow or light reddish brown. This hard lumber is strong and very often wavy or curly. It is a closed grain wood of even texture.

White Birch - In early times Birch trees were used to make canoes, roof shanty's as well as using the sap to make wine and spirits. Birch is a hard and strong wood that is easy to work with. The color varies from white to a reddish brown. Today we mainly use the birch tree for furniture, doors and flooring. Birch is very light in color (predominantly a light yellow). Birch finishes natural very well, staining is difficult and requires a pre-wash.

Bloodwood is beautiful dense wood, which is very red in color and holds that color over time. Native to Brazil, Bloodwood exhibits a fairly wide range of color variation, from pale orange colors through to deep blood red. It undergoes a medium degree of color change from pale orangey reds to a deep dark red as it ages.

Bubinga, also known as African Rosewood, is a beautiful dense hardwood with a rose-colored background and darker purple striping. Bubinga is typically very uniform in color and graining, and undergoes a medium degree of color change, from a pinkish rose color when freshly milled to a burgundy red color when fully aged.

Butternut is almost white and usually quite narrow. The heart wood is light brown, often with pinkish tones variegated with different shades of brown….. quite pretty. It displays quite a satiny sheen. It is relatively light weight for most domestic hardwoods, has a straight coarse grain and rather weak in bending strength. Once dry the wood is very dimensionally stable.

Aromatic Cedar is a knotty wood that is generally used for lining interiors liked closets and blanket chest. It has strong aromic smell and is a softer wood like pine. The color is Light red with streaks of creamy white. The wood is soft, straight-grained with a fine, even texture.

Cedar is renowned for its high impermeability to liquids and its natural phenol preservatives, which make it ideally suited for exterior use and interior use where humidity is high. Its rich coloring ranges from a light milky straw color in the sapwood to a vanilla-chocolate in the heartwood. It is a stable wood that seasons easily and quickly, with a very low shrinkage factor. It is free of pitch and has excellent finishing qualities.

When first milled, Brazilian Cherry or Jatoba is a tan/salmon color with black striping which turns a rich deep red color over time. Texture is medium to coarse. It is very hard and stable. With its inherent beauty, rich coloring, and extreme hardness, this species is understandably one of our most popular exotic woods.

Cherry - Also known as fruitwood, cherry is a strong, fine-grained hardwood with a pink undertone, often played up with a medium or dark finish to enhance its mahogany-red tones. Its rich coloring darkens with age and exposure to light. Cherry resists warping and is easy to carve and polish. Often used for 18th-century and formal, traditional-style furniture, cherry is often considered a luxury wood. Fine-grained hardwoods, such as maple and alder, are common substitutes for cherry.

Douglas Fir is a yellowish tan to light brown heartwood. The sapwood is tan to white. The heartwood may be confused with that of Southern yellow pine. Douglas Fir may show a radical color change upon exposure to sunlight. The wood is strong, light and without knots.

Red Elm has a grayish white to light brown narrow sapwood, with heartwood that is reddish brown to dark brown in color. The grain can be straight, but is often interlocked. The wood has a coarse texture. Elm is moderately heavy, hard and stiff with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is difficult to split because of its interlocked grain.

Hackberry sapwood is pale yellow to grayish or greenish yellow. The heartwood is yellowish gray-brown to light brown. Hackberry wood is straight grained, moderately hard, strong in bending. The technical qualities of hackberry wood resemble those of elm and white ash, and it is sometimes used as a substitute for these species.

Hickory is a coarse-textured wood. Generally straight grained, but can be irregular or wavy. Hickory has a combination of strength, hardness, stiffness and shock resistance not found in any other wood. The sapwood of hickory is white, tinged with inconspicuous fine brown lines while the heartwood is pale to reddish brown. The wood can be sanded to a good finish. The grain pattern welcomes a full range of medium-to-dark finishes and bleaching treatments.

Honey locust is a little-used, but beautiful hardwood. It has only some of the excellent rot-resistant qualities of the better known black locust, but it is much easier to work, and its color is more subdued and richer.  Honeylocust wood is strong, hard, and durable. It has natural shock resistance and an attractive reddish-brown grain.

Lacewood is a reddish brown species with an unusual graining pattern which consists of a multitude of "eyes". Lacewood offers a medium degree of color range from lighter tan/browns through to darker browns. Lacewood undergoes a slight muting of the color range found when fresh milled and will darken slightly over time to a medium orangey brown.

Lyptus is manufactured from eucalyptus. Its grain is straight, even and moderately coarse. Lyptus is well suited for a wide variety of interior applications. Lyptus absorbs a variety of stains evenly, from oil to water-based. It varies in color from dark red to light pink. The heartwood is red to pink and the sapwood is paler. It has a large heartwood core. Its density varies depending on color, with the darker color similar to hickory in density and the lighter color similar to birch and ash in its density.

African Mahogany is pink when first cut. Over time, it darkens to a reddish-brown, with streaks of pale, golden brown. The grain is usually interlocked, giving the wood a distinctive fine grain. It can be stained or polished to an excellent finish.

Honduras Mahogany is a dream to work and takes a fine finish. The heartwood color varies from light to dark reddish dark brown to deep rich red. The grain is straight to interlocked. The texture is medium to coarse and uniform. It can be sanded very easily and readily accepts a wide range of stains and finishes.

Makore heartwood ranges in color from pale pink to deep red, or red-brown. The sapwood is white to light pink, and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. The texture is fine to medium with a lustrous surface. The grain is generally straight, but sometimes figured with an appearance similar to decorative moiré or watered silk, with streaks of darker color.

Hard Maple  - The sapwood is creamy white with a slight reddish brown tinge and the heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. The amount of darker brown heartwood can vary significantly according to growing region. Both sapwood and heartwood can contain pith fleck. The wood has a close fine, uniform texture and is generally straight-grained, but it can also occur as "curly," "fiddleback," and "birds-eye" figure. Maple can be finished to resemble walnut, cherry, or other more expensive hardwoods.

Soft Maple resembles Hard Maple being closed-grained but much softer. Soft maple machines well and finishes well but is difficult to stain especially dark colors.

Morado is dark violet brown with dark streaks. It is sometimes sold as a substitute for Brazilian Rosewood or named "Bolivian Rosewood" and "Santos Rosewood."  The wood is hard, but works well.

Red Oak - Similar in appearance to white oak with generally a straight grain and coarse texture. Red oak varies in color from light brown to a pinkish brown. Red Oak is an excellent choice for furniture or cabinets. Red Oak is generally the standard that other woods are compared to.

White Oak - Although their growth rate is slow the white oak can grow up to 100 feet high with a mature spread of 90 feet. White Oaks are very resistant to drought and heat living up to 800 years. These trees grow in thick forests and have heavy thick bark. As the wood is water resistant it is excellent material for building ships, barrels and casks. The wood varies from light to dark brown with beautiful grain.

African Padauk is used primarily for its vibrant orange/red color. Padauk species are known for yielding wood with vibrant colors, brightest when cut and darkening with age and exposure to sun.

Pine - Pine is a softwood that grows in many varieties in various parts of the world.  Pine’s “knotty" characteristics provide warmth and individuality to each crafted piece. Usually light-yellow in color, the wood has a broadly spaced striation pattern. Its natural grain and shades ensure that no piece is exactly alike. Excellent for staining.

Radiata pine is classed as a medium-density softwood. Radiata pine clearwood (wood that is free of defects such as knots, holes or other blemishes) is one of the world's best clearwoods.

Yellow Poplar – Poplar is fine textured, soft and lightweight. This species is easily worked and takes paint exceptionally well. Poplar is frequently finished to look like other woods.

Purpleheart has a creamy white/gray sapwood but like its name suggests, the heartwood is a bright, striking purple when freshly cut, darkening into a deeper purple with age. It has a medium to fine texture with a luster that ranges from medium to high; its grain is usually straight but can be wavy or irregular. Purpleheart has high bending and crushing strength and stiffness with medium resistance to shock loads.

Sapele is red to dark reddish-brown, usually with a purple cast. On quartered surfaces the wood presents a well defined ribbon striped figure. The grain is interlocked or wavy and the texture is fine. The lumber has a cedar like aromatic odor when cut. These boards enjoy a high golden luster. Sapele is stronger than African or American Mahogany or Red Oak.

Sycamore - The sapwood of sycamore ranges from white to light yellow to reddish-brown or flesh-colored, while the heartwood ranges more towards light to dark brown in color. The species has an interlocked and irregular grain, and is fine and even in texture.

Walnut sapwood is creamy white, while the heartwood is a rich chocolate or purplish brown in color, with a dull sheen. Black walnut is normally straight grained and is noted for its beautiful grain character, producing more figure variation than any other wood. Over the years the wood develops a lustrous patina. It is the only dark brown domestic species, so it has a large following of devoted woodworkers, that enjoy its rich color.

Willow is resistant to splitting because of its interlocked grain. The sapwood of willow is a light tan, while heartwood is pale reddish to a darker reddish brown. It is also marked by a strong and desirable figured pattern. Willow is occasionally accepted as a substitute for Walnut.

Yellowheart is a beautiful exotic and imported hardwood. It is a bright yellow color, darkening only a little on exposure to sunlight. There is a little differentiation between heartwood and sapwood, or between spring and summer growth rings. The color is very consistent across the wood. It is usually straight grained and uniform. It dries relatively easily with limited checking and cracking.

Zebrawood sapwood is whitish and distinct from the heartwood, which is pale yellow brown with narrow darker streaks. The striping pattern can vary considerably (hence its name). Zebrawood may undergo some degree of color change over time, with the light straw-toned background darkening to a richer amber color, and the brown striping turning almost black. This lustrous wood has a texture ranging from medium to coarse, with a grain pattern that is usually wavy or interlocked.


Beyer Cabinets LTD.
440 Commerce Drive, Highway 16
West Salem, Wisconsin 54669
Toll Free: (877) 786-2220
Phone: (608) 786-2220
Fax: (608) 786-3379
Store hours:
7:00am - 4:30pm Monday - Wednesday
7:00am - 7:00pm Thursday
7:00am - 3:30pm Friday
9:00am - 12:00pm Saturday
Evenings by appointment.